Many flower breeders prefer to propagate an orchid by cuttings. This method is considered the best for growing a particular species, as the cutting will have the data of the parent flower. Consider how a plant can be grown from cuttings.
Using a plastic bottle
It is possible to propagate plants in ordinary plastic bottles; the main thing is to pay attention to some nuances.
Cuttings should be made in early spring: at this time the flowers are full of natural vigor and ready for vegetative division. You should choose an orchid that has already bloomed, has not been sick or stressed, the stem should be tall and with undamaged buds that are dormant.
To minimize damage to the mother plant, cut the stem with a sharp-bladed tool that has been pre-treated with an antiseptic. The cuts are covered with activated charcoal to prevent the shoots from rotting.
Cut a plastic bottle in half to resemble a container with a lid. Put sphagnum in the container, spray it with clean water, place the cuttings horizontally. Then cover the cut part of the bottle and wrap the whole container in food paper. Place the makeshift greenhouse in a warm, bright place.
The cuttings themselves do not form roots, but serve as a kind of platform on which the offspring develop from dormant buds; they are then planted in soil suitable for orchids.
Placing the cuttings horizontally helps to keep them evenly moist, but there is a risk of rotting. It is therefore recommended to aerate the planting material daily and to spray it moderately.
Cuttings can be germinated in water at room temperature with the addition of a succinic acid tablet, some manganese crystals, some activated charcoal tablets and a few drops of a special stimulant. The quantity of the above components is calculated for half a liter of water. With this composition, the liquid becomes softer and more suitable for germination. The container with the sprouts should be covered with a polyethylene lid and placed in a warm place where sunlight can penetrate unhindered.
The water should be changed every four days. After a few weeks, the germinated sprouts should be carefully cut and transplanted into the soil.
Instead of Sphagnum for germinating cuttings, some growers use ordinary forest moss that they have collected themselves. However, this material must be carefully washed and treated with a special preservative against fungi and bacteria. The following steps are the same as for germination in a plastic bottle.